Authored by – Dr.Vijay Vardhan, Dental & Maxillofacial Surgeon, Face & Teeth, Hyderabad, India. Phone : +91 9866613201, Email – email@example.com
What are the risks of poor dental care?
People managing diabetes are at higher risk for several oral diseases.
- Infections – increased risk for developing fungal infections of the mouth and tongue. Called “thrush,” the fungus feeds on high levels of glucose.
- Dry mouth from decreased saliva flow: This can lead to soreness, ulcers, fungal infections, and increased tooth decay.
- Poor healing of oral tissues: Injuries do not heal as quickly because blood flow to the area may be restricted.
- Periodontal Disease Perhaps the biggest concern for your overall health is periodontal disease (PD). This is a chronic, low-grade infection caused by bacteria collecting around the gums and teeth. If not treated, the bacteria produce chemicals that can affect your jaw and gums, resulting in loosened or missing teeth. Symptoms include bleeding and swelling in your gums, bad breath, a constant bad taste, frequent abscesses, loose teeth, and receding gums. Especially for individuals with diabetes, a Dental Surgeon is part of the treatment team early on.
Daily dental care recommendations
- Brush your teeth after each meal (wait for 30mts after meal) – You should brush at a 45-degree angle against the gums and move it back and forth in short strokes. Make sure you clean the front, back and chewing surfaces of your teeth. Use the brush’s tip to clean the inside of the front teeth.
- Flossing is another important part of the process. You should: pull off enough floss to wind it around the middle fingers of each hand; hold the floss tightly between your thumbs and forefingers; curve it into a C shape against one tooth and gently move the floss back and forth across the tooth and then the side of the tooth in an up and down motion; and repeat until you have flossed all your teeth.
- Use tooth brush with soft bristles
- Rinse daily with an antiseptic mouth wash (alcohol free)
- If you are wearing dentures , remove them and clean them daily (Do not sleep in them)
- If you smoke , talk to your dentist about ways to quit
- Keep your Blood Sugar Levels as close to normal as possible
Apart from the above routine care, visit your Dental Surgeon once in every 6 months to ensure that your mouth is healthy.